How to get to the Everest base camp?

Everest Base Camp Trek

Do you want to trek to Everest Base Camp? In this post, we will help you get answer of all your questions about how to get to the Everest Base Camp

If you want to climb to  the Everest Base Camp in Nepal, we recommend you to do it in 12 days. Making it total 16 days, with 12 days for the trekking part and 4 days for Kathmandu.  During the trek you make it 12 days with an acclimatization/rest day at Namche Bazaar and at Dingboche, this way you are more likely to beat Altitude Mountain Sickness (AMS) and trek to Everest Base Camp safely. Making it shorter and doing it in less than 16 days is not only bad for your health, but also makes your overall journey tiring and not fun at all. Let us show you the fundamentals of Everest Base Camp trek and show you the right itinerary and everything you need to do this trek in best possible way.

Mount Everest, also known as Chomolungma or Goddess Mother of the World in Tibet language, stands highest of anything else in the world and is top in the bucket list of many. Many movies are made about this mighty giant, many books have been write and for hundreds of years mankind are tying to understand and control the greatness of Mount Everest. However, in Nepal, the mystic activity of Himalayas can not be avoided. Himalayas determines its fundamentals, topography, weather and trade. Trekking is one of the main reasons people visit Everest region, which also known as Khumbu region in Nepal. Even though some trekker to prefer other regions like Everest or Langtang for being more scenic, we can totally understand why the Everest Base Camp trek is on your bucket list. Come on, it’s the Everest! You definitely have to do it.

The Everest Base Camp trek is really popular among adventure seekers and have done by many, some of us sometime misunderstands and underestimate the risks of altitude sickness and general safety in the mountain region of Khumbu. Being able to get glance of Mount Everest and trek to it base camp is all matters for some and they want to do it in 9 or even 8 days. And that is really pushing yourself to the danger.

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How to get to the Everest base camp?

The 12 day standard trek to Everest Base Camp is roughly 130 km return trip. Out of that 12 days, there are two acclimatization days at Namche and Dingboche, it takes 8 days to reach base camp of Mount Everest and 4 days to return.

What is the recommended and right itinerary to reach Everest Base Camp?

If you want to trek to Everest Base Camp in right way, you have to do it in 12 days. You don’t want calling your family from Nepal saying you had to get evacuated back to the capital from the mountains of Nepal. You can be really fit as of a professional marathon runner or have all the clothing and gears you need, but altitude sickness can hit anyone; even those who have climbed Mount Everest itself need to acclimatize properly. Be smart, do proper research and choose an itinerary of 12 days or even more. We have below outlined an itinerary that is based on 12 days of Everest Base Camp trek as part of standard Everest Base Camp Trek that we run. Prepare your hiking boots and join Mosaic Adventure on this epic and exciting journey to world famous Everest Base Camp.

1st Day: Kathmandu – Lukla – Phakding – 4 hours trek, 30 minutes flight.

Early in the morning you will be boarding thrilling flight to Tenginz Hilary Airport in Lukla and get chance to view the Himalayas once you at the Lukla airport, known as one of “the world’s dangerous airport”. After short stop at Lukla your trek to Everest Base Camp begins. You start your journey through the Dudhkoshi River valley heading towards Cheplung. Right after crossing suspension bridge over Thadokoshi River you are going to get Kusum Kangaroo Peak standing with elevation of 6,367 meters. With gradual climbs towards the Ghat and passing a stone ridge marked with Tibetan chanting Om Mane Padme Hum and total of about 3 hours walk we today reach beautiful Phakding village. We are staying here tonight at local teahouse.

Lukla Airport

2nd Day: Phakding – Namche Bazaar  – 6 hours trek.

Again we start our second day walking through the valley of Dudhkoshi River. While heading towards Namche Bazar we are going to cross five of those famous suspension bridges, that you have been seeing on the pictures only, decorated with Lungda (prayer flags). With gradual hiking upwards toward Namche Bazar for almost two and half hours you will be able to get glimpse of Mount Everest for the first time. With hard climb of roughly 6 hours, you will finally reach this famous town of Namche Bazar often known as gateway of Everest.

3rd Day: Acclimatization day in Namche Bazaar – about 4 to 5 hours total walk.

This is our 1st day of acclimatization, it is import for us to climb high and sleep low to adjust our body with increasing altitude. We will be exploring Khumjung/Khunde village along with side trip to Syangboche also known as Everest View Hotel. In Khumjung you will be able to see the Yeti skull in the monastery. On your return trip to Everest View hotel, you can get impressive view of mountains, get to see Buddhist Chortens and today in general you will get  to see peak of Mount Everest, Lhotse and Ama Dablam.

4th Day: Namche – Tyangboche – 5 hours trek.

While heading toward Tyangboche on our fourth day, trail gets in and out of side valley making slightly up and down along the Kenjoma. Passing Mani stones, we then join the trail of Khumjung with excellent view of Everest and Ama Dablam mountains. After this we will pass through the small Sanasa village and descend to You will pass through the small town of Sanasa, descend towards Phunkithanga before starting the steep climb towards the Tyangboche monastery. Once you reach Tyangoche, you are going get the panoramic view of various mountains like Tawache, Kwangde, Everest, Nuptse, Thamseruku, Kangega. We call it a day and stay overnight at Tyangboche listening to mantras coming from Tyangboche monastery.

5th Day: Tyangboche – Dingboche – 4 hours trek.

We star our day with descend through beautiful forest. We reach Pangboche village after crossing the Imja river. From there trail continues through grasslands and finally reach our destination. Quiet Dingboche village is the place where we spend our night with superb view of mountains.

6th Day: Acclimatization : Dingboche – Nagartshang Peak – Dingboche – 4 hours trek.

This is our second acclimatization day doing return trip to Nagartshang Peak. This peak is known with various names – Nagkart Tshang, Nagarjun, Nangar Joong etc. Nagartshang peak is one of the best view point in the Everet region to get glimpse of numberious Himalayan peaks. From the summit of Nagartsang, we can Ama Dablam, Kangtega, Nuptse, Cho Oyu, Lhotse, MakaluTaboche, etc. in their full glory.

Everest Base Camp Trek

7th Day: Dingboche – Lobuche (4950 m) – 5.5 hours trek.

We will start our another day with another climb towards Thukla, a gentle climb for about one an half hour. With another same length trek and after crossing Thukla Pass we come to memorial place that was made for those who died while attempting to climb surrounding Himalayan peaks.  While heading towards Lobuche mountains start to get closer to you. After you exit the valley of Pheriche village and with further descend we will reach Lobuche, the yak pasture.

8th Day: Lobuche – Gorakshep – Everest Base Camp – Gorakshep – 7 hours trek.

After hiking for about 2 hours we reach last village of Everest Region, that is Gorakshep. Our night stay is going to be in this place but before calling it a day we do return trip to Everest Base Camp.  After having lunch at Gorakshep, leaving our belonging there and with light stuff on our daypack we start our return trip to dream destination, Everest Base Camp.  Walking along the side of of the famous Khumbu Glacier we finally reach EBC and after spending some time we return back to Gorakshep to spend our night. More details of this day is best experienced by yourself rather than describing everything here :).

Everest Base Camp Trek

9th Day: Gorakshep – Kalapatthar – Gorakshep – Pheriche – 7 hours trek.

Early in the morning, before sunrise, we start our journey to climb Kalapatthar so that we can get sunrise over the Himalayas from the peak of Kalapatthar. Sunrise viewing over Kalapatthar is one of the highlight of the trek. After spending short time here at the top of Kalapatthar, we start tracking our trail back to Lukla. We stop for breakfast at Lukla before heading towards Pheriche. If everyone in the group is happy with the decsion, we might further descend from Pheriche.

10th Day: Pheriche – Namche Bazaar – 6 hours trek.

We are now heading towards Namche Bazar going over the same village of Deboche, Tyangboche, Phungi Thanga etc. You can enjoy the “hot shower” here and then visit bars, bakery etc.

11th Day: Namche – Lukla – 8 hours trek.

The trail from Namche to Lukla is most of the time downhill before it reaches the flat part. After crossing the Samgarmatha National Park entry gate, gather some energy to climb again to finally reach Lukla. End of walking on this tiring yet epic journey to Everest Base Camp.

12th Day: Lukla – Kathmandu – 30 minutes flight.

We will leave Lukla early in the morning and finally be back to the capital city Kathmandu. When you get to the hotel you will be happy to see smallest of things like properly running water, clean and well closed rooms, hot water, proper oxygen etc. You will spend 2 night in Kathmandu as part of 16-day standard Everest Base Camp trek before flying home.

How safe is the Everest Base Camp trek?

Safety is of the most important thing to consider for us and surely for you too. When it comes to high altitude trek like Everest Base Camp, we do not compromise on safety. You will be accompanied by guide who were selected on the basis of their professional knowledge, experience and training. Everest Base Camp trek is safe if you do it with proper preparation and go with experienced guide assigned by reputed tour operator.

Now, if you are thinking about the safety considering the crime on the trail, then you don’t have to worry. There isn’t any such thing to worry about and EBC trail is safe .

What is the best time to for the trek to Everest Base Camp?

Although we run this tour throughout the year, best time for the trek to Everest Base Camp is during spring and autumn. March to mid June in spring and late September to early December in autumn is considered best time for the EBC trek.

What permits do I need for the Everest Base Camp trek?

Currently following are the permits you need for trek to Everest Base Camp.

  • Permit to enter Sagarmatha National Park.
  • TIMS permit.
  • Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality entry Permit.

All of these necessary permits are arranged by Mosaic Adventure.

How do I get in shape to get to Everest Base Camp?

If you don’t live in the Himalayas and are from low altitude countries, it will be difficult to prepare yourself for the altitude as you don’t get much higher than in Nepal. This is the reason unless you have already done high altitude trek earlier there is no hundred percent preparation for any trek.
You can are not climbing the Everest itself and are not participating on high altitude marathon run, so take it easy and follow this preparation guidelines for EBC.

What are the health benefits of trekking to Everest Base Camp?

Some of the health benefits of trekking includes a lower risk of heart disease, better blood and sugar levels, and of course it helps you to keep in shape. Once you’re ready to hit the trail, the benefits are even greater.

Benefits of trekking to Everest Base Camp: “nice views, fresh air, and the sounds and smells of nature”.

Trekking is a powerful cardio workout that can:

  • Lower your risk of heart disease
  • Improve your blood pressure and blood sugar levels
  • Boost bone density, since walking is a weight-bearing exercise
  • Build strength in your glutes, quadriceps, hamstrings, and the muscles in your hips and lower legs
  • Strengthen your core
  • Improve balance
  • Help control your weight
  • Boost your mood.

“Research shows that hiking has a positive impact on combating the symptoms of stress and anxiety,” says Gregory A. Miller, PhD, president of the American Hiking Society. “Being in nature is ingrained in our DNA, and we sometimes forget that.”

How can I diagnose altitude sickness at Everest Base Camp?

Symptoms of Acute Mount Sickness become noticeable within few hours of reaching any high altitude that include nausea, shortness of breath, headache, and inability to move. The feeling of fatigue will take away all the joy you have been feeling. You may have trouble sleeping, mostly feel dizzy and have a severe headache. You may lose balance, have trouble walking, and feel pressure in your chest. If the situation get worse into HAPE (high altitude pulmonary edema) or HACE (high altitude cerebral edema) you may feel confused, short of breath when standing still, and you may not even be able to walk a little.

At higher altitudes, symptoms can become more severe. Guide knows these systems and have the necessary training along with knowledge to treat as per the symptoms immediately. Don’t wait until its too late; when you know the symptoms, talk to your guide and make things right immediately.

How can I prevent altitude sickness on the Everest Base Camp trek?

General rules outlined below can/will help you prevent altitude sickness and can also help you know AMS symptoms.

Careful preparation back home.

Recommended to get a full medical checkup and inform your doctor what you are going to do. Buy the medications recommended by the doctor. If you plan on hiking with children, be sure to prepare just as carefully.

Keep yourself in good safe, become your fittest version

Exercise for about 4 to 6 hours every week at least 3 months before coming for the trek, to make it better do it carrying about 10 kilos of backpack. Here is a guide to prepare yourself for successful trek to Everest Base Camp.

Listen to your body

Your body tells you when you need to rest. Listen carefully. Be aware of the symptoms of altitude sickness and talk about them with your guide. Let your friends or guide or porters know how you feel and take a break whenever your body wants it. Don’t push yourself to let things get worse.

Acclimatize: climb high, return to sleep at low

An unwritten but well practiced law for climbers and trekkers alike is to climb high altitude but sleep at low. This is the reason Everest summiteers take a long time to reach the top, going high and getting down several times before reaching to the top. They climb high, but sleep low. For this same reason, sometimes there is a descent in the middle of the itinerary to ensure that you carefully acclimatize and prepare your body for the increasing altitude.

Eat a lot and stay hydrated

Do you like food? That is really good. Eat all you can and more even if you lose your appetite. The exact same goes for liquid intake. No, crazy, not for alcohol. Keep hydrated! Eat and drink as much as you can. Don’t skip a meal, even if you’re not hungry. Drink at least 3 to 4 liters of water every day.

Keep track of what comes out

One way to measure fluid intake is to check your urine. Do you have to take a pee break more often than usual? Very good. Follow up with hydration. Not peeing often? Input more liquid.

From Kathmandu to Everest Base Camp – Flight to Lukla

A 30 minutes flight from Kathmandu’s Tribhuwan International Airport (TIA) takes you to Tenzing Hillary Airport (LUA) at Lukla, named after famous climber Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay. Lukla airport is known to be one of the most dangerous airport in the world. This fact makes the flight particularly interesting and exciting for many. In the past, flights were irregular and there were flight schedules in rough weather, difficult to count. However, with more and more airlines offering flights on this exciting route, things have gotten a lot better than earlier years.

What are the teahouses like at Everest Base Camp?

Teahouses are small guesthouse known as lodges. As it is basic lodge you can find certain level of comfort and discomfort depending on what your expectations are. It is comfortable to the extent that you have a place to sleep and that you can enjoy locally cooked meals. That’s correct, most teahouses are run by local families who have started business to provide their houses as shelters to passing by trekkers.

As trekking in Nepal has become more popular in recent years, many teahouses are in business opening their house doors and have improved  and keep on improving over the years. The more popular the trail, the better the quality of the teahouses you can find. Therefore, teahouses along the way to Everest Base Camp are of good quality compared to other region. Quality in a sense that they have toilets, showers with hot water, Wi-Fi etc. Note that, use of these extra amenities has an additional price. On more popular trail like EBC, you are more likely to find places built for only purpose of serving as a tea house.

What do I pack for the Everest Base Camp trek?

Gears/equipment is your best friend while you are in the mountains, a key to successful trip wherever you go. In extreme cases, the gears can make the difference during life and death situation. In most cases, the right equipment/gear can make the difference between having a wonderful time or a miserable one. You have paid so much money for your trek, flight ticket and we are waiting for you in Nepal but you end up with heavy backpack, not warm enough jacket, shoes that are not proper and are not break-in; it is all wasted! Pack properly to make most of your trek to Everest Base Camp. Thing to remember, you are not climbing technical peak so forget your ropes, carabiners back in your home.

Here is a basic list, compact and suitable packing list for most treks in Nepal, including the trek to Everest Base Camp:

  • Duffel bag.
  • Backpack with rain cover.
  • Trekking boots
  • Hiking socks including inner ones.
  • Walking poles.
  • Flip flops or slippers
  • Thermal shirts
  • Tshirts / long and short sleeve.
  • Sports bra
  • Fleece jacket / Pullover
  • Light thermal shirts
  • Waterproof jacket
  • Trekking shorts
  • Trekking pants
  • Waterproof pants

EVEREST BASE CAMP PACKING LIST FOR OCTOBER AND NOVEMBER

Surely there are more stuffs you may pack. Every one is different and have their own requirements. Check out our detailed and ultimate packing list for Everest Base Camp.

At what height is Everest Base Camp located?

Trek to Everest Base camp starts with height of 2840 meters at Lukla. Our final goal is to reach Everest Base Camp, Nepal situated at height of 5,364 meters or 17,598 feet.

Is it compulsory to trek to Everest Base Camp with a guide?

It is not mandatory to hire a guide to trek to EBC. Trekkers who wants to go for individual trek can make the trek to Base Camp without any accompanying guide. Do you recommend this? Not at all.  Mosaic Adventures’ experienced guide is not just there on your trek to entertain and tell you stories. They are there to, beside helping local economy and creating job, guide you, prevent you from getting lost on trail, or going to dangerous zone. On top of that, our guides are professionals, friendly, prepared to deal with the surprising yet typical weather changes of the mountains and to assist you in the worst event that something goes wrong or that you are hit by altitude sickness.

Everest Base Camp trek price.

Our Everest Base Camp Trek price is quoted based on expenses for 16 days, including 12 days of trip to EBC with return flight to Lukla. You just have to book return flight to land in Kathmandu and we will take care of the rest. The 16-day Everest Base Camp tour that we offer includes 4 night hotel in Kathmandu, city tour in Kathmandu, return flight to Lukla, most of the meals, guide, porter, permit etc. .

How do I book the Everest Base Camp trek?

There are several websites where you can book your Everest Base Camp trek. It is important to consider that cheap providers are probably not very good with their staff and cutting prices wherever they can. Income is relatively low in Nepal and some organizations don’t think of sustainable long term operation. At Mosaic Adventure we pay fair wages to our guides, who we are proud of. They are selected based on their knowledge, experience and their respects towards local culture, people and nature.

If you have any questions about the Everest Base Camp trek, why not get in touch with us? We are here to help you get to the Everest Base Camp!

About Author

Madhav started working as a porter in 2001 and then went on to work as a trekking guide. After working in the trekking and tourism industry for 8 years, he co-founded Mosaic Adventure in 2009.

Madhav has trekked to most of the treks in Nepal including Everest Base Camp Trek, Annapurna Base Camp, Annapurna Circuit Trek, Poon Hill Trek, Jomsom Muktinath Trek, Indigenous Peoples Trek, Langtang Valley Trek, Mardi Himal Trek and all of the day hikes around Kathmandu.

He has also extensively traveled to other countries like USA, UK, France, Hong Kong, Japan, China, Philippines, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Behrain, Thailand, Turkey and India. Madhav is the one who answers most of your questions about trekking and tours and helps to plan your trip by giving a personal touch.

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