Essential Glossary for Everest Base Camp Trek: Key Terms You Need to Know

Glossary for Everest Base Camp Trek, Key Terms You Need to Know

Planning an Everest Base Camp trek can be both thrilling and a bit overwhelming, especially if you’re new to trekking or unsure about the words people use on this adventure.

To make sure you’re ready, we’ve put together a complete list of important words you’ll hear while trekking to Everest Base Camp.

Knowing these terms will not only make your trekking experience better but also help you get ready for the journey ahead.

About Mosaic Adventure

Since 2009, at Mosaic Adventure, we’ve focused on offering amazing trekking adventures in Nepal, including the famous Everest Base Camp trek and more.

Our skilled guides, custom-made plans, and dedication to safety guarantee that your journey is not only unforgettable but also hassle-free, ensuring a pleasant experience as you reach Everest Base Camp. Whether you’re a seasoned trekker or new to this, we’re here to assist you at every stage.

If you have any questions or need more details about our popular 14-day trek to Everest Base Camp, feel free to reach out to us anytime.

Everest Base Camp Trek 2024

Glossary for Everest Base Camp Trek

Get ready for your Everest Base Camp adventure with our essential glossary of terms. Whether you’re a beginner attempting EBC for the first time, an expert trekker, or simply looking to enhance your knowledge, understanding these terms will ensure you’re prepared for the journey ahead.


Definition: Altitude sickness happens when there’s less oxygen and lower air pressure at higher places. To avoid altitude sickness, it’s crucial to acclimatize slowly as you climb higher.

Importance: Proper acclimatization is crucial to avoid Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS). Our 14-day classic trek to EBC itinerary includes two acclimatization days to help your body adapt to the high altitude.

Altitude Sickness (Acute Mountain Sickness – AMS)

Definition: Symptoms like headache, nausea, and dizziness caused by being at high altitudes, typically above 3000 meters during trekking.

Prevention: The best way to prevent it is gradual ascent, staying hydrated, and taking prescribed medication like Diamox, which may sometimes help prevent AMS. However, these measures won’t help if you ascend too quickly.

Want more information? Send us your query, and our experts will get back to you within 24 hrs.

Ama Dablam

Definition: Ama Dablam is a notable peak in the eastern Himalayas, standing tall at 6,812 meters (22,349 feet). Often called the “Matterhorn of the Himalayas,” this impressive mountain dominates the eastern sky for several days for anyone trekking to Everest Base Camp.

Significance: Known for its stunning beauty and technical climbing challenges, it is a favorite among climbers.

Everest Base Camp

Definition: The base camp located on the south side of Everest in Nepal, used by trekkers and climbers. It is the starting point for climbers aiming to reach the summit of Everest, located at 5,364 meters (17,598 feet).

Significance: Everest Base Camp serves as the goal for trekkers and the launching point for mountaineers attempting to summit Everest. Reaching EBC is a significant achievement for trekkers, offering stunning views and a sense of accomplishment.

Here are some helpful links with detailed information for those planning their first Everest Base Camp trek:

Got more questions? Browse our blog posts or reach out to me for more information.

Bistarai Bistarai

Definition: Nepali for “slowly, slowly,” emphasizing the importance of gradual ascent in high altitude trekking.


Definition: A Buddhist shrine or monument found along the trekking path, often used for spiritual protection.

Cultural Context: Chortens are significant in the local culture and are often seen at high passes and village entrances.

chorten along the way to ebc

Dal Bhat

Definition: A traditional Nepalese meal consisting of lentil soup, rice, vegetables, pickle, and papadam commonly eaten by trekkers.

Nutritional Value: Dal Bhat is a staple in Nepal, providing a balanced diet rich in carbohydrates and proteins, ideal for trekking.

Dal Bhat Nepal for kids


Definition: A village located at 4,410 meters (14,469 feet), often used as an acclimatization stop for trekkers.

Attraction: Offers beautiful views of Ama Dablam and other peaks.


Definition: The highest mountain in the world, standing at 8,848.86 meters (29,031.7 feet).

Significance: A symbol of human endurance and adventure, attracting climbers and trekkers from around the globe.

Edmund Hillary

Definition: A New Zealand mountaineer who, along with Tenzing Norgay Sherpa, was the first to reach the summit of Everest in 1953.

Legacy: Known for his climbing achievements and humanitarian efforts in Nepal.

Gorak Shep

Definition: The final stop before Everest Base Camp, located at 5,164 meters (16,942 feet), offering accommodation and a resting point.

Highlights: From Gorak Shep, trekkers can hike to EBC and climb Kalapatthar for panoramic views of Everest.

HAPE (High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema)

Definition: A life-threatening condition where fluid accumulates in the lungs due to high altitude.

Symptoms: Include shortness of breath, cough, and fatigue. Immediate descent is necessary for treatment.

HACE (High-Altitude Cerebral Edema)

Definition: A serious condition where the brain swells with fluid due to high altitude, potentially fatal if not treated.

Symptoms: Include confusion, loss of coordination, and hallucinations. Immediate medical attention is required.


Definition: The mountain range in Asia, home to the world’s highest peaks, including Everest.

Importance: A key geographical feature that attracts adventurers, trekkers, and climbers from around the world.

Jam Jam

Definition: A Nepali phrase meaning “let’s go, let’s go,” often used to encourage movement or start a journey.


Definition: A notable landmark located at 5,545 meters (18,192 feet), offering some of the best views of Mount Everest.

Viewpoint: Trekkers often hike to Kalapatthar for sunrise or sunset to capture stunning panoramic photos.


Definition: The capital city of Nepal, often the starting point for treks to Everest Base Camp.

Significance: Offers cultural sites, markets, and the Tribhuwan International Airport for international travelers.


Definition: The region in northeastern Nepal where Everest and its trekking routes are located.

Area: Known for its dramatic landscapes, Sherpa culture, and trekking routes.

Khumbu Glacier

Definition: The glacier that trekkers traverse to reach Everest Base Camp, known for its spectacular ice formations.

Scenery: Offers breathtaking views and photo opportunities but requires careful trekking due to uneven terrain.

Khumbu Icefall

Definition: A treacherous section of the Everest route, consisting of shifting ice and crevasses, requiring careful navigation.

Challenge: Considered one of the most dangerous parts of the climb, it is usually tackled by experienced climbers with the help of Sherpas.

Khumjung Edmund Hillary School

Definition: A school in Khumjung village founded by Sir Edmund Hillary to provide education to Sherpa children.

Impact: A testament to Hillary’s commitment to improving the lives of the local people.

Khumjung Village

Definition: A village located at 3,790 meters (12,434 feet), known for its beautiful scenery and Sherpa culture.

Attraction: Home to the Khumjung Edmund Hillary School and the famous Khumjung Monastery.

Kongde Ri

Definition: A mountain in the Everest region, offering a challenging climb and stunning views.

Significance: Less frequented by trekkers, providing a quieter experience.


Definition: A village located at 4,940 meters (16,207 feet), often used as a stopover before Gorak Shep.

Highlights: Offers views of Lobuche Peak and access to the Khumbu Glacier.


Definition: The town with the Tenzing-Hillary Airport, the starting point for the trek to Everest Base Camp.

Gateway: Known for its challenging landing strip, it marks the beginning of the trekking adventure.


Definition: The fourth highest mountain in the world, standing at 8,516 meters (27,940 feet).

Proximity: Located near Everest, often visible during the trek.

Manthali Airport

Definition: An airport in Ramechap used as an alternative route to reach Lukla during peak seasons.

Convenience: Helps alleviate congestion at Tribhuwan International Airport in Kathmandu.

Mani Stones

Definition: Stones inscribed with Tibetan Buddhist prayers, often seen along the trekking routes, used for spiritual significance.

Tradition: Trekkers often walk clockwise around these stones as a sign of respect.

mani stones along the trek to ebc

Namche Bazaar

Definition: The main trading hub and acclimatization stop for trekkers, located at 3,440 meters (11,286 feet).

Facilities: Offers shops, lodges, and internet cafes, making it a popular rest stop.

namche bazaar

Nangartsang Peak

Definition: A popular acclimatization hike from Dingboche, offering stunning views of Everest and surrounding peaks.

Viewpoint: Provides trekkers with incredible panoramic views without the need for technical climbing.

How Difficult is Everest Base Camp Trek


Definition: A respectful greeting in Nepal and the Himalayan region, often accompanied by a slight bow with palms pressed together, fingers pointing upwards.


Definition: A mountain in the Khumbu region, standing at 7,861 meters (25,791 feet).

Viewpoint: Often visible from Everest Base Camp and surrounding areas.


Definition: A village located at 2,610 meters (8,563 feet), often the first stop for trekkers from Lukla.

Rest Stop: Offers accommodation and a chance to begin acclimatizing.

Prayer Flags

Definition: Colorful flags with Buddhist prayers, traditionally hung to promote peace, compassion, strength, and wisdom.

Symbolism: Believed to spread goodwill and positive energy with the wind.

prayer flags along the ebc climb


Definition: A district in Nepal that includes Manthali Airport, an alternative gateway for trekkers heading to Lukla.

Significance: Helps manage the flow of trekkers during peak seasons.


Definition: The Nepali name for Mount Everest.

Meaning: “Sagarmatha” means “Forehead in the Sky,” reflecting the mountain’s towering presence.


Definition: An ethnic group from Nepal known for their mountaineering skills and as guides and porters on the trek.

Role: Sherpas are integral to the success of treks and climbs, providing support and expertise.

Sherpa Museum

Definition: A museum located in Namche Bazaar, showcasing Sherpa culture, history, and mountaineering artifacts.

Attraction: Offers insights into the life and contributions of the Sherpa people to mountaineering.


Definition: Located at 3,780 meters (12,402 feet) home to the Everest View Hotel, known for its panoramic views of Everest.

Highlight: Offers a luxurious stop with stunning views, perfect for acclimatization.


Definition: A lodge providing food and lodging for trekkers along the Everest Base Camp trail.

Accommodation: Offers basic yet comfortable amenities, making it a popular choice for trekkers.

Tenzing-Hillary Airport

Definition: The airport in Lukla, known for its challenging landing strip and as the gateway to the Everest region.

Adventure: Often considered one of the most thrilling airports in the world, it sets the tone for the adventure ahead.

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Tenzing Norgay Sherpa

Definition: A Nepali Sherpa mountaineer who, along with Sir Edmund Hillary, was the first to reach the summit of Everest in 1953.

Legacy: Celebrated for his climbing achievements and contributions to mountaineering.

Thukla Pass

Definition: A pass located at 4,830 meters (15,846 feet) with memorials for climbers who lost their lives on Everest.

Memorials: The pass is a solemn reminder of the risks associated with high-altitude climbing.

Tribhuwan International Airport

Definition: The main international airport in Kathmandu, serving as the primary gateway for trekkers heading to the Everest region.

Location: Offers international connections and domestic flights to Lukla and Ramechap.


Definition: A village located at 3,860 meters (12,660 feet), known for its famous monastery.

Attraction: The Tyangboche Monastery is a spiritual center and offers stunning views of Everest, Lhotse, and Ama Dablam.

Trekking Permit

Definition: Official permission required for trekking in the Everest region, including the TIMS card and Sagarmatha National Park entry permit.

Requirements: Ensure you have all necessary permits before starting your trek to avoid fines or delays.

Trekking Poles

Definition: Essential gear for providing support and stability during the trek, especially on uneven terrain.

Usage: Helps reduce strain on knees and improve balance.


Definition: A long-haired domesticated bovid found in the Himalayas, used to transport goods and supplies for trekkers.

Importance: Yaks are vital for carrying heavy loads in high-altitude regions where other transportation is impractical.

yak along the trek to ebc


I hope the above glossary for the Everest Base Camp trek was useful. By learning these terms, you’ll be well-prepared for your Everest Base Camp trek, especially on our 14-day itinerary.

Understanding these words and concepts used in trekking will enhance your experience and enable better communication with guides, fellow trekkers, and locals along the way.

At Mosaic Adventure, we are dedicated to ensuring your trekking experience is as smooth and enjoyable as possible.

If you have any questions or need further information, please don’t hesitate to reach out to us. Happy trekking!

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